1998 US Embassy Bombings in Kenya & Tanzania

By Anthony C Heaford, last update 8 August 2023

On 7 August 1998 two truck bombs exploded outside the US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania almost simultaneously, murdering over two-hundred and wounding over four-thousand more. The truck bomb that exploded in Kenya contained about five hundred cylinders of TNT explosive, each about the size of a drinks can.

I believe I know where and when that TNT was manufactured - inside a front company 17-miles south of Al Qa’idah town in central Yemen, one used by Khalid Sheikh Mohammed (KSM) and his terrorist cell. That front company was called YemPak (because it was a Yemen-Pakistan collaboration), located inside the multi-billion dollar Hayel Saeed Anam Group’s secure hilltop headquarters compound at PO Box 5302 Taiz. My primary evidence of the Hayel Saeed Anam Group’s complicity with KSM’s terror cell is four-fold:

1. ‘Export Opportunities' documents proving Hayel Saeed Anam Group sourced industrial quantities of TNT component chemicals in August 1996, for delivery to PO Box 5302.

2. My meeting with Khalid Sheikh Mohammed at PO Box 5302 on 26 September 1997, just before I was taken to a clandestine meeting 17-miles north, besides Al Qa’idah town.

3. The two men I spent five-days working with inside the YemPak factory at PO Box 5302 told me they were Pakistani chemical engineers attending the on site madrasa.

4. The Hayel Saeed Anam (HSA) Group general manager listed as a contact point for the chemicals order supply, Mohamed A. Salem, is I believe the same HSA Group general manager called Mohamed who took me to the clandestine meeting one mile from Al Qa’idah town.

hsa compound po box 5302 copyhsa salem export us embassy copy

hsa al qaidah overview

Assertion summary

I visited a terrorist cell front company in September 1997 Yemen that hosted Khalid Sheikh Mohammed and two of his associates (Pakistani chemical engineers), and which had sourced industrial quantities of TNT explosive chemicals in August 1996. I believe the TNT used in the 7 August 1998 embassy bombs was manufactured and packaged in that front company and that the bombers trained in a base 17-miles north, besides Al Qa’idah town.

Unfortunately only two elements of my evidence are independently verifiable - the proximity of PO Box 5302 to Al Qa’idah town (directions), and the sourcing of TNT component chemicals by the HSA Group in August 1996:

Toluene, a liquid solvent, is the principle component of TNT explosives:
On August 06 1996 the US embassy sourced one year’s supply of an 80% proof Toluene solvent on behalf of Mohamed A. Salem, general manager of the HSA Group at PO Box 5302 Taiz. This was supposedly for the manufacture of plastics and foam for packaging applications. 

To make TNT the toluene is first nitrated with a mixture of sulfuric and nitric acid:
On August 13 1996 the US embassy sourced one year’s supply of nitric acid on behalf of Mohamed A. Salem, general manager of the HSA Group at PO Box 5302 Taiz. This was supposedly for the manufacture of toilet soap.

A final stage in TNT manufacture is rinsing with sodium sulphates to stabilize the compound: 
One years supply of sodium sulphate for Mohamed A. Salem, general manager of the HSA Group at PO Box 5302 was included in the US Embassy’s August 1996 “export opportunities” shopping list. 

My assertion that I met KSM at PO Box 5302 and that the two men I worked with said they were Pakistani chemistry graduates is backed only by my testimony and photos from my 1997 visit to Yemen.

I have been able to provisionally identify everyone in the last photo, despite its blurred quality, and am confident enough to report those identities publicly below. I am in the center with HSA Group managing director Saeed Alrobaidi and his general manager Mohamed (Mohamed A. Salem?) on one side, and confessed / convicted terrorist operators KSM and Ahmed al-Darbi (introduced to me as ‘the Engineer’ and ‘Dino’) on the other side.

Confirming / denying the identities of the men in this photo is key to validating or dismissing my claims. Given the factual evidence of the HSA Group sourcing TNT component chemicals in 1996, their headquarters proximity to Al Qa’idah town and the significance of my allegations, I believe an investigation of my photos and assertions is justified. That justification is further strengthened when my claim of seeing KSM’s Pakistani terrorist cell operating from a nearly empty factory building in 1997 Yemen, is compared to this statement by the US Ambassador to Yemen (1997-01), Barbara Bodine. In a 2012 PBS interview Bodine said: 

"When I got there in 1997, there was already an Al Qaeda presence. 
We knew about it. The Yemenis knew about it. Everyone knew about it."

"Numbers [are] always impossible to know, but these people were primarily foreign nationals. One of the best ways to describe the presence is that they were largely warehousing lower-level people in peripheral areas.

Establishing the identities of the four men in my line-up photo above should be fairly easy if investigating authorities were to ask the HSA Group’s owners / directors. Someone such as Dirhem Abdo Saeed. Dirhem Abdo Saeed is a member of the Hayel Saeed family of Yemen, is vice chairman of the HSA Group, managing director of HSA’s London office Longulf Trading (that purchased the printing machinery I was installing in KSM’s front company at PO Box 5302), chairman of HSA’s largest investment in Britain called Cepac Limited, and he is an honorary vice-president of the British-Yemeni Society.

Other supporting evidence:

According to the US Department of Defense detainee assessment, someone using a fake passport and an alias used by Khalid Sheikh Mohammed flew into Nairobi Kenya before the 6 August embassy bombing:


The first suspect caught and questioned by the FBI gave them the contact number he had used to aid his escape from Kenya after surviving the bombings. That telephone number was in Yemen’s capital, Sanaa. The FBI noted:

“... the would-be suicide bomber, al-Owhali, ran away from the bomb truck at the last minute and survived. However, he had no money or passport or plan by which to escape Kenya. Days later, he called a telephone number in Yemen and thus arranged to have money transferred to him… “ 


In 1982 a director of the multi-billion dollar family owned Hayel Saeed Anam (HSA) Group of Yemen gave his power of attorney to Ahmed Idris Nasreddin. Eritrean born (tbc) Nasreddin was a prominent businessman in Nigeria and his business partner was Egyptian-born Youssef Nada. In 1984 Nasreddin used the HSA Group director’s power of attorney to establish a Swiss shell financial company called MIGA (Malaysian Swiss Gulf & African Chamber).

In August 2002 former US Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill described Nada and Nasreddin as "supporters of terrorism" involved in "an extensive financial network providing support to Al Qaeda and other terrorist-related organizations.” US Assistant Treasury Secretary Juan Zarate described MIGA as "a very good example of an investment company that is used as a shell to hide and move money."

Here’s the evidence that the HSA Group has long and established links to terrorism financing:

That HSA Group terror funding link is detailed by Fox News here (click here to open .pdf file)


In March 1997 three family members of the HSA Group became directors of a Cayman Islands financial shell company called Atlantic Investments. One of those directors used the HSA Group HQ address of PO Box 5302 Taiz Yemen to register his interest. This is recorded in the Paradise Papers here. The founding directors of Atlantic Investments, the St Clair-Morgan family of Jersey, have been implicated in price skimming of the UN run Iraqi Oil-for-Food program (as has Malaysian HSA subsidiary Pacific-Interlink) and invesigated for illegal arms dealing.

Truly, for some of us nothing is written, unless we write it 
© Anthony C Heaford - The Quiet Mancunian